Apr 14, 2009

Religion in Taiwan (General Ideas) 宗教在台灣(概述)

Religion in Taiwan (General Ideas)
宗教在台灣(概述)

1. Why are there so many different religions in Taiwan?
為什麼在台灣有那麼多不同的宗教?

There are so many different religions in Taiwan because of its multicultural history and religion freedom entitled by the constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
在台灣有那麼多不同的宗教是因為台灣的多元文化歷史和中華民國(台灣)憲法賦予的宗教自由。

2. What are the countries which brought different religions into Taiwan? And what religions are they?
把不同宗教帶進台灣的是哪些國家?有哪些宗教?

Taiwanese aborigines practice nature worship. In 1624, the Dutch missionaries introduced Protestant Christianity to Taiwanese people. The first converts were the aborigines. In 1626, the Spanish introduced Catholicism to Taiwan. In 1895, the Japanese brought Shinto into Taiwan. Chinese migrants introduced Buddhism and Taoism to Taiwan. Moreover, in the last 50 years, Taiwan has been a haven for Falun Gong and Yi Guan Dao, which are banned in People’s Republic of China.
台灣的原住民實行自然崇拜。一六二四年荷蘭傳教士引進基督新教給台灣人。首先改變信仰的是原住民。一六二六年西班牙人將天主教傳到台灣。一八九五年日本人將神道傳至台灣。中國移民將佛教和道教引進台灣。此外,過去的五十年來台灣為法輪功和一貫道的避風港,法輪功和一貫道在中華人民共和國是被禁止信仰的宗教。

3. What are the top 5 religions in Taiwan?
台灣前五大宗教為何?

According to the statistics provided by Ministry of the Interior in 2005, the top 5 religions in Taiwan are Buddhism (including Tantric Buddhism), Taoism, Yi Guan Dao, Protestantism, and Roman Catholic.
根據內政部二○○五年的提供的統計資料,台灣前五大宗教為佛教(包括但特羅佛教)、道教、一貫道、基督新教,和天主教。

4. Tell me something about the mixture of Buddhism, Taoism, and folk religion in Taiwan.
告訴我有關台灣佛教、道教和民間宗教的融合。

Most Taiwanese people blend elements from Buddhism, Taoism and folk religion together, while some practice Buddhism exclusively. Longshan Temple in Taipei City is one of the examples of the mixture. It worships a mixture of Buddhist, Taoist and folk deities. In addition to big temples, small outdoor and indoor shrines of local deities are common. For good luck before taking a test, students may visit a shrine of the Learning god. A small shrine of the Kitchen god can be found in some restaurants.
大部分的台灣人將佛教、道教和民間宗教的要素混合在一起,有些則專門實行佛教。台北市的龍山寺是這些宗教元素混合的一個例子。它信奉包含佛教、道教和民間的神。除了大型的廟,小型室內和室外供奉地方小神的神壇也常見。考試前求好運,學生可以拜訪文昌帝君聖祠。在有些餐廳裡可以看到灶神的神壇。

If you have certain knowledge about Greek mythology, you know that there are several deities in it, such as Artemis (the goddess of hunting and the moon), Aphrodite (the goddess of love and beauty), Poseidon (the god of the sea) and Apollo (the god of the sun, medicine, poetry, music and prophecy). They take up different positions, so do the deities in Buddhism, Taoism, and folk religion.
如果你(妳)對希臘神話有些認識的話,你(妳)知道希臘神話裡有很多神,例如司狩獵和月亮的女神阿爾特彌斯、司愛和美的女神艾愛芙蘿黛蒂、海神波塞頓和司太陽、藥、詩、音樂和預言的神阿波羅。祂們各司其職,佛教、道教和民間宗教的諸神也是。

5. What are the characteristics of a Taoist temple?
道教的廟宇有什麼特色?

A Taoist temple is extremely decorative. The roof is decorated with colorfully tiled dragon sculptures and other legendary creatures. Besides, a Taoist temple is usually full of statues of different gods and semi-theistic historical figures. Festivities are often held at Taoist temples.
道教的廟宇裝飾地非常華麗。屋頂用色彩鮮豔的瓦做成的龍的雕刻品和其他傳說中的生物裝飾而成。另外,道教的廟宇內通常全是不同神明的雕像和半神化的歷史人物。慶典通常在道教廟宇裡舉行。
6. When was Buddhism introduced to Taiwan?
佛教什麼時候傳入台灣?

Buddhism was brought into Taiwan in the late 1500s by Chinese immigrants.
佛教於西元一五○○年代末期由中國移民者傳入台灣。

7. What are the most famous Buddhist organizations in Taiwan?
台灣最有名的佛教團體是哪些?

The most famous Buddhist organizations in Taiwan are Dharma Drum Mountain founded by Master Sheng Yen, Buddha’s Light International founded by Master Hsing Yun, and the Tzu Chi Foundation founded by Master Cheng Yen. All of them have branches overseas/in other countries. Besides opening Tzu Chi University, hospitals, schools and community centers, Tzu Chi is widely known for their dedication to charity work and international humanitarian aid.
台灣最有名的佛教團體為聖嚴法師創立的法鼓山、星雲法師創立的佛光山,和證嚴法師創立的慈濟基金會。他們在海外(在其他國家)都有分會。 除了開辦慈濟大學、醫院、學校和社區中心,慈濟對慈善工作和國際救援的盡心盡力也廣為人知。


無極無上門氣功修練中心 Wu Ji Wu Sang Men Qi-Gong Center, Taiwan

By 林育華/Lin, Yu-Hua/Monica

Tuesday, April 14, 2009