Sep 5, 2011

Five Words or Phrases a Day 090511

cardiotonics/cardiac stimulants (n.) [C] (pl.) 強心劑
Cardiotonics are of various types. They have a strengthening effect on the heart or can increase cardiac output.
強心劑有很多種。強心劑有強心或增加心輸出量(心臟每分鐘輸出的血量)的作用。    

CPR (abbr.) = cardiopulmonary resuscitation (n.) [U] 心肺復甦術
The doctor is giving him CPR by breathing into his mouth and pressing repeatedly on his chest.
醫生正呼氣至他的口中並持續按壓他的胸膛,以進行心肺復甦術。

DNR (abbr.) = Do Not Resuscitate 放棄急救同意書 (also called AND, Allow Natural Death 也稱作允許自然死亡)
Dr. Sheng-Jian Haung has been active in promoting the idea of signing a DNR for dying patients to die peacefully.  
黃勝堅醫師最近幾年積極推廣簽署放棄急救同意書,讓病患在生命末期,都能安詳去世。

ECMO (abbr.) = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (n.) [U] 葉克膜、體外膜氧合、體外維生系統
ECMO is for severely diseased patients whose heart and lungs no longer serve their function.
葉克膜是給心和肺已無法發揮功能的重症病患使用。

hospice (n.) [C] 安寧病房、安寧醫院
hospice care (n.) [U] 安寧療護
A hospice is a hospital for those who are dying.
安寧病房(醫院)是專門設置給在生命末期的人住的病房(醫院)。
Hospice care should be paid more attention to since Taiwan is facing its severe aging crisis.
台灣正面臨嚴重的人口老化危機,有鑑於此,安寧療護應受到更多的重視。

(n.) noun 名詞
[C] countable 可數的
(pl.) plural 複數形
(abbr.) abbreviation 縮寫字
[U] uncountable 不可數的

By 林育華/Lin, Yu-Hua/Monica

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