Nov 20, 2011

house的各種意思和用法


house有兩種詞性:名詞和動詞。這裡只介紹名詞,名詞比較常見,動詞很少見。這裡介紹的意思也是house的眾多意思當中比較常見的幾個。

house (n. 名詞) [C 可數]
a building that someone lives in, especially one that has more than one level and is intended to be used by one family 
一棟某人居住在內的建築物,尤指一棟至少兩層樓且供給一家人住的建築物
(房子、住宅) 

例句:
This is a four-bedroom house.
= There are four bedrooms in this house
這是一棟有四間臥室的房子
= 這棟房子有四間臥室。
※This house has four bedrooms.也可以,只是比較像中式英文。

We met at Brian’s house.
我們是在布萊恩的住宅(住處)(房子)遇見(認識)彼此的・
(假想的情境:你是Brian,你認識A、B、C,但是本來A和B彼此不認識,你請A和B到你家作客,有一天A、B、C三人一起聊天,C問A怎麼認識B的,A回答We met at Brian’s house.)

Why don’t you come over to my house for coffee?
為什麼你不來我的住處喝咖啡?(為了先理解英文句子,盡量貼近英文的逐字翻法)
要不要來我喝咖啡?(我們講中文的人會這樣講)
※所以這句話是用來邀請別人的喔!

the house = household
all the people who live in a house
居住在一棟房子裡的所有人
(一家人) 

例句:
She gets up at 5 and makes breakfast for the house every day.
她每天早上五點起床做早餐給全家大小

house (n. 名詞) [C 可數]
a large building used for a particular purpose
一棟有特定用途的巨大建築物 

例:
opera house
歌劇院
court house
法院
movie house
電影院 

house (n. 名詞) [C 可數]
a company, especially one involved in a particular area of business
一間公司,尤指一間從事某種生意的公司
(機構、所、社、商號) 

例句:
Giorgio Armani is a famous Italian fashion house.
喬治・亞曼尼是一間著名的義大利時尚公司(時裝屋)

Bookman is one of the reputable publishing houses in Taiwan.
書林是台灣其中一家夙負盛名的出版社

house (n. 名詞) [C 可數] = audience
the people who have come to watch a performance 
到場觀賞表演的人們 
(觀眾) 

full house = packed house
座無虛席、客滿
empty house
門可羅雀、觀眾只有小貓兩三隻 

例句:
The show was playing to a full house last night.
昨晚那場演出現場座無虛席

in house
If you work in house, you work at the offices of a company or organization, not at home
如果你work in house,表示你在某間公司或機構內的辦公室工作,不是在家工作
(在機構內的) 

例句:
I work in house, not at/from home. 
在某間公司上班,不是在家工作。
※在家工作可用work at home,也可以用work from home

be on the house
if drinks or meals are on the house, you do not have to pay for them because they are provided free by the owner of the bar, restaurant etc
如果飲料或餐點on the house,你不用付錢因為它們由酒吧、餐廳之類的老闆請客

例句:
All the drinks tonight are on the house.
今晚所有的飲料都由老闆請客

house = house music (n. 名詞) [U 不可數]
a type of popular dance music
一種流行的舞曲
(浩室音樂) 
※注意!Yahoo奇摩字典把「house music」翻成「家庭音樂」是錯的,應該翻成「浩室音樂」。「浩室音樂」是源自美國1980年代初期的電子樂。

參考資料:
http://www.ldoceonline.com/
http://tw.dictionary.yahoo.com/
http://blog.udn.com/musicafans/5751971

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